The literature of the victorian age 18371901 entered a new period after the romantic revival. Victorian literature english literature britannica. Victorian age 18371901 the victorian era was one of the most important eras in the history of english literature. Literature that emerged in england during the reign of queen victoria 18371901 was diverse in many ways, and defined to a large extent by the historical era rather than any other characteristic. However, many contemporary authors criticized these same trends, and there were many brilliant works that were considered unconventional even then. The literature of the victorian era by hugh walker, 1910. The 7 most epic literary writers of the victorian era ultius. In fact a single novel is often is result of play of these various strands of literature. It was preceded by romanticism and followed by the edwardian era 19011910. Victorian period period of queen victorias reign from 20 june 1837 until her death on 22 january 1901 it was a long period of peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities and national self confidence for britain. It was preceded by romanticism and followed by the edwardian era 19011910 while in the preceding romantic period, poetry had been the conquerors, novels were the emperors of the victorian period. Introspection was inevitable in the literature of an immediately postromantic period, and the age itself was as prone to selfanalysis as were its individual authors. Though the victorian age produced two great poets alfred lord tennyson. Victorian women in literature 143 account of the social institutions of victorian london.
Greenwoods map of london ever been lost with a character in the mean streets of victorian london. English literature the postromantic and victorian eras. The victorian period is in strong contention with the romantic period for being the most popular, influential, and prolific period in all of english and world literature. Some literature published before queen victorias reign, such as jane austens pride and prejudice, portend the style and preoccupations of early victorian literature and are. Other articles where victorian literature is discussed. The world of shadows and superstition that was victorian england, so well depicted in this 1871 tale, was unique. Literature in the victorian age the victorian age is the period of the reign of queen victoria. The previous literary life of this country had left vigorous many old forces in the victorian time, as in our time. The victorian period began roughly around the time of the beginning of queen victorias reign in 1837 and ended around her death in 1901. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It was not only the year that queen victoria acceded the throne, but also the year that a new literary age was coined. Defining victorian literature in any satisfactory and comprehensive manner has proven troublesome for critics ever since the nineteenth century came to a close.
Still have brutal factory conditions, low wages, and crowded cities, but the 1830s mark the beginning of political and social reform acts. Historical background of victorian age english literature essay. The victorian age in literature by gk chesterton free classic. The idea of a character on a quest is quite common in victorian stories and poetry.
Britain had emerged from the long war with france 17931815 as a great power and as the world. Characteristics of victorian literature the style of the victorian novel. A quest is a journey made in order to seek something out such as treasure, knowledge, or just for the mere enjoyment. The literature of this era was preceded by romanticism and was followed by modernism or realism. Its grandeur does not consist in one thing, but in the unique assemblage of all things.
The literature of the victorian era by walker, hugh, 18551939. For the literature of previous linguistic periods, see the articles on anglosaxon literature and middle english literature see also anglonorman. Selfconsciousness was the quality that john stuart mill identified, in 1838, as the daemon of the men of genius of our time. Victorian literature is the literature produced during the reign of queen victoria 18371901 a. Victorian literature literature chegg tutors youtube. The movement roughly comprises the years from 1830 to 1900, though there is ample disagreement regarding even this simple point. Pdf on jan 1, 2015, robert aguirre and others published victorian.
History of english literature pdf included periods of. Publication date 1921 topics english literature 19th century history and criticism publisher. Our postgraduate degree programme offers the chance to look indepth at dickens, eliot, the bronte sisters, stevenson, tennyson, browning, and christina rossetti. List of books and articles about victorian literature. Introduction to victorian and twentiethcentury literature. The naturalists depicted life in its grimmer details and tended to view people as hopeless victims of immutable natural laws. What are the salient features of the victorian age. Its a transitional time between the victorian era and that begins to emerge after wwi. The literature of the victorian age 1837 1901, named for the reign of queen victoria entered in a new period after the romantic revival. It is largely characterized by the struggle of working people and the triumph. Pdf during the long reign of queen victoria, britain experienced an.
The 19th century saw the novel become the leading form of literature in english. English literature english literature the postromantic and victorian eras. The victorian era was an important time for the development of science and the victorians had a mission to describe and classify the entire natural world. An era in obituaries brings together obituaries from the times of john thadeus delane 184177 and his successors, and shows how some of the leading personalities of the 19th century were viewed by a paper that was itself one of the defining institutions of the age. Literary representations of the victorian middleclass. The workhouse system in england and wales a workhouse, colloquially known as a spike, was a place where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation. Literature in the victorian era a historical overview duration.
She is succeeded by edward vii, her eldest son, who reigned until his death in 1910. The literature of the victorian era internet archive. England was moving steadily in the direction of becoming europe. Hence, it can also be called a fusion of romantic and realist style of writing.
Poets of this time include robert and elizabeth barrett browning, christina rossetti, alfred lord tennyson, and matthew arnold, among others. Wellknown scholars introduce readers to their particular fields, discuss influential critical debates, and offer illuminating contextual detail to. Boasting such canonical authors as charles dickens, the brontes and rudyard kipling, victorian literature features an array of literary elements that were cultivated through. The victorian era was an important time for the development of science and the victorians had a. Characteristics of early victorian literature pen and the pad. This period saw the spread of the novel, thanks to the improvements in printing and distribution of. Victorian women in literature universitatea din craiova. A literary movement among writers at the end of the 19th century and during the early decades of the 20th century.
The victorian era took its name from the monarch of england at the time. Punch cartoons victorians loved their punchand their punch. It forms a link and transition between the writers of the romantic period and the very different literature of the 20th century. English literature, literature written in english since c. Dickenss view on women there are many female characters in each novel, of charles dickenss novels. Because the victorian era covers so many years, 1830 1900, it is usually broken down into the early victorian, mid victorian, and late victorian, each of which displays its own characteristics. As historian anne shepherd has written in her overview of the victorian era, queen victoria 18191901 was the first english monarch to see her name given to the period of her reign while still living. Victorian era final literary terms vocabulary flashcards. After the second of several visits to the exhibition, she reported to her father. The victorian age, more formally known, was a time of great prosperity in great britains literature. During this time, england was undergoing a cultural upheaval read this article to know about the characteristic features of victorian age, characteristics of the victorian era society, victorian age characteristics. Victorian web tons of information about the victorian era and its artits a maze over there. Little dorrit 18551857, england was awake to the possible. The purpose and scope of this book will be rendered plainer by a glance at the table of contents than i could hope to make it here, except by anticipating what will be found in the following chapters.
Shift from agrarian society to industrial society creates a. While in the preceding romantic period poetry had been the dominant genre, it was the novel that was most important in the victorian period. There are many sub genres that can be a part of the novel itself. The victorian era placed high value on honor, duty, moral seriousness, and sexual propriety. Which of the following sentences best describes the main characteristics of.
The industrial revolution, the railway age, steam engines were being used in mines, factories and ships. Feb 21, 2015 victorian literature today many view it with scepticism because of the stereotypes of the era. Victorian literature is that produced during the reign of queen victoria 18371901 or the victorian era. Victorian literature quiz use this online victorian literature quiz to test your knowledge of poetry and literature from the victorian age and period. Victorian literature 4 science, philosophy and discovery charles darwins work on the origin of species affected society and thought in the victoria era, and still does today. A novel is a piece of literature that can be fictional or real and is written in prose. Literature and the victorian capitalist marketplace. Queen victoria, at the age of 18 ruled england continuously for 64 years until her death. In addition, hardy, thackeray, gaskell, trollope, bronte and george eliot also focused on the condition of woman. While in the preceding romantic period, poetry had been the conquerors.
Victorian literature is literature written in england during the reign of queen victoria, or roughly from 1837 1901. Characteristics of victorian era literature, novels and poetry. Literary elements of victorian literature pen and the pad. It is a wonderful place vast, strange, new and impossible to describe. Victorian era literature characteristics english summary. The victorian age 18301901 sambourne house, london. He inspired the stream of social problem novels between 1830 and 1860, notably some of the best by. Use this online english literature quiz entitled the victorian literature quiz to test your knowledge of poetry and literature of the romantic and victorian era and age. Victorian literature at the university of edinburgh. Small towns were beginning to swell into smoky centres of mnaufacturing industry. Introspection was inevitable in the literature of an immediately postromantic period, and the age itself was as prone to selfanalysis as.
The victorian era was a time in british history that spanned from 1837 to 1901, the period during which queen victoria ruled the british empire. The victorian age was characterized by rapid changes and development. What are the characteristics of edwardian literature. It is very different from drama and poetry by the extent of its length. Apr 27, 2016 the edwardian period covers the time from queen victorias death in 1901 to the beginning of world war i in 1914. The novel as a genre was initially seen as feminine literature and as the literacy rate among women increased, a new need for women writers catering to this segment was answered by these writers. Pdf literature and the victorian capitalist marketplace. National archives electronic records archives era nara is building era to fulfill its mission in the digital age.
From william blake and john keats to charles dickens and the bronte sisters, explore 23 iconic authors from the romantic and victorian periods. While the foundations of so much of our present knowledge of subjects like medicine, public health, electricity, chemistry and agriculture, were being, if not laid, at least mapped out, people could still believe in the existence of devils and demons. Shift from agrarian society to industrial society creates a middle class neither rich nor poor. Introduction to victorian and twentiethcentury literature xxxiii impressions of the spectacle. Pdf victorian literature and latin america researchgate. Pdf a brief introduction into the branches of victorian literature.84 464 1228 1440 121 721 1300 1443 1312 1373 725 1301 828 25 1501 1177 534 204 911 573 730 519 51 340 820 408 1309 758 392 142 1446 267 793 1077 726 833 436 1191 56 266 935 221 495 655 998 475 1307